Remarks: No epidemical diseases prevailed in this district. Bowel Complaints, which are common in a mild form, in the fall season, this year, were more numerous and of a more malignant character than usual; assuming in one small subdivision in the southeast part, rather the character of an epidemic; influenced or modified in most all instances by those causes which in other parts of the country, contributed greatly to the production of the epidemic cholera. In other respects, this county has preserved her usually good character for health and still continues to be, a place of
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refuge for many persons during the prevalence of epidemics in other parts of the country. Water: in the Springs "soft or sandstone and hard or limestone" about an equal amount of each; in Wells, usually "soft". Many good Chalybeate(?) Springs are found in the this district, Soil: Warm sandy loam on the bottoms, warm limestone loam on the rolling. And sandy clay and clay soils on the table lands. Timber: White, Black, Pine, swamp and chestnut oaks, Hickory of all kinds. White and Black Walnut. Sugar, Maple, Beach, Buckeye, Ash, Elm, Poplar and Chestnut.
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Laying as the district does, on the western verge of that great Mineral Basin, of which the Ohio River forms the centre and at the outcrop of its most valuable mineral products: Lime stone Marl, Iron ore, stone coal and other accompanying minerals are found in great abundance; which, when the Belpre and Cincinnati Railroad (now in progress of construction) shall have opened a more cheap and expeditious mode of transportation than that of wagons over bad roads; will prove a source of exhaustless wealth to this and other portions of the state; and what is most remarkable, is that not withstanding the great mineral wealth of the county (every subdivision of it abounding in coal and iron ore) yet there is but a very small portion of the soil that is not well adapted to all the agricultural products of the climate. Season: will fall considerably short of an average one for crops in consequence of an early drouth and the injury to the wheat crop by the rust. Many farmers were unable to give an estimate, and others forcasted rather a meager account in consequence of the blight of the wheat crop.
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Remarks: The water of this region is soft flowing through sand or sandstone. The soil is a heavy clay soil on the upland, that of the bottoms a rich deep alluvial soil, Rocks generally freestone(?). Timber: on the upland Poplar, Chestnut, White Oak and blk oak. Timber on the bottoms wild cherry, sycamore and wild plum. Oars: Iron oar is in great abundance on the Ridgeland and hill sides. The water which flows through stratas of this iron oar is called hard or Sulp. of Iron. Coal is in great abundance. Seasons: the wheat of this region was an entire (loss?) on account of rust which settled on the straw caused by fog or atmospheric vapor. The potatoe rot still exists but on the decline. The rot in the apple is very prevalent. The atmosphere supposed to be the cause.